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April 6, 2016 / drjamesfreije

Tonsil Removal for Better Quality of Life

Mount Nittany Physician Group pic

Mount Nittany Physician Group
Image: mountnittany.org

With over 25 years of experience, Dr. James E. Freije, an otolayrngologist at Mount Nittany Physician Group in Pennsylvania, diagnoses and treats tonsillitis and other ailments affecting the ear, nose, and throat. Dr. James Freije is skilled in performing tonsillectomies, which have been found to increase adults’ quality of life.

Research has shown that tonsil removal in adults has made them healthier and happier in their social lives. According to the Marienhospital Gelsenkirchen at the University of Duisburg-Essen in Germany, adults who had received a tonsillectomy had significantly better scores when tested for quality of life seven years after the operation. It was found that the adults spent less time and money visiting the physician and taking medication, which helped to improve other areas of their lives. This study argues tonsil removal can actually make a person live a better life.

To learn more about Mount Nittany Physician Group, which can be reached by phone at (814) 466-6396 and is located at 3901 South Atherton Street in State College, Pennsylvania, visit MountNittany.org/.

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March 24, 2016 / drjamesfreije

HPV in the Oral Cavity Increases Risk of Head and Neck Cancer

Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

 

A graduate of SUNY Upstate Medical Center, Dr. James Freije is an accomplished otolaryngologist. Currently practicing as an associate with Mount Nittany Physician Group, Dr. James Freije has placed special focus on head and neck cancers and he is on the cancer committee at Mount Nittany Medical Center.

A recent study published in Jama Oncology, found that the chances of developing head and neck cancer is 22 times higher in patients who have certain types of a human papillomavirus (HPV) oral infection. The study looked at medical records of over 96,000 individuals gathered from the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial and the American Cancer Society Cancer Prevention Study III Nutrition Cohort and discovered a strong link between HPV-16 in the oral cavity and head and neck cancer later in life.

Researchers at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, who were responsible for completing the study, believe that if continued research shows a connection between HPV-16 and head and neck cancer, changes can be made to HPV vaccines that may also reduce the rates of such cancers. Current speculation believes that targeting gamma and beta HPV in a vaccine may add this extra layer of prevention.

March 16, 2016 / drjamesfreije

U.S. Government Begins Tackling the Public Health Issue of Added Sugar

 

Mount Nittany Physician Group pic

Mount Nittany Physician Group
Image: mountnittany.org

A board-certified otolaryngologist, Dr. James Freije provides adults and children with comprehensive care as an associate with Mount Nittany Physician Group. Possessing more than three decades of medical experience, Dr. James Freije holds an MD from SUNY Upstate Medical Center and a master of public health from SUNY University at Albany. Alongside his clinical work, he takes an interest in matters of public health.

The U.S. government recently released new dietary guidelines that suggest added sugar should account for less than 10 percent of people’s daily calorie intake. This update represents a significant change from previous versions that only suggested calories from added sugars be cut without including specific numbers. The new recommendation is the latest attempt from the government to curb public consumption of added sugars. Between 1977 and 2010, added sugar consumption has grew by 30 percent. In recent years, increased sugar consumption and its health effects have drawn a good deal of focus from various governmental public health initiatives.

By including a concrete recommendation for calories from added sugar, officials hope that the public will continue its attempts to follow low-sugar diets and cut the amount of added sugar they consume. Several other countries around the world have begun putting in place measures that limit sugar consumption. For example, Mexico introduced a sugary beverage tax in early 2014, a move that resulted in a 12 percent drop in the sales of sugary beverages. The United Kingdom has also considered implementing a sugar tax. On a micro level in the United States, the City of Berkeley, California, implemented a soda tax in early 2015.

March 8, 2016 / drjamesfreije

Finding the Right Otolaryngologist

James Freije pic

James Freije

For the past two decades, Dr. James Freije has led a successful career as an otolaryngologist head and neck surgeon. Currently practicing with Mount Nittany Physician Group in Pennsylvania, Dr. James Freije relies on his extensive training, which includes an advanced training fellowship at the University of Cincinnati Medical Center, to ensure he provides patients with high-quality otolaryngological care.

Finding the right otolaryngologist for your specific needs is an individualized process, but there are several things everyone should keep in mind during the search. Following are just a few things to remember in your search for the right otolaryngologist.

Check qualifications. There are many ways to find possible otolaryngologists, from personal referrals to online directories. Once you create a list of possibilities, make sure they have completed all the necessary training and hold the proper certifications to practice. It is also helpful to look at what experience they have with certain procedures.

Consider rapport. During an initial meeting, asking the physician various questions can provide you with a good idea of how well he or she relays information and how well the two of you connect. This can be affected by the gender of your physician, so if you feel that you will be more comfortable with a particular gender, feel free to take that into consideration as well.

Check hospital quality. In addition to evaluating your otolaryngologist, look into the hospital where he or she typically practices. Checking things like survival and complication rates can be extremely telling. Even if your physician has a good medical record, higher complication rates at hospitals may mean the facility is not well-equipped for emergency situations.

February 27, 2016 / drjamesfreije

A Basic Overview of Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous Cell Carcinoma pic

Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Image: skincancer.org

An otolaryngology head and neck surgery associate with Mount Nittany Physician Group, Dr. James Freije has practiced in the field for more than two decades. During this time, Dr. James Freije has written a number of presentations and publications about topics including squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).

A common form of skin cancer, SCC occurs when squamous cells, the cells that make up the outer layer of skin, begin growing uncontrollably. The sudden growth is often the result of overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) light either in the form of sunlight or various tanning lights. Due to this, most SCCs occur on parts of the body that are routinely exposed to UV light, such as the arms, legs, and face. These areas typically have various signs of sun damage, including broken blood vessels and age spots. However, there have been several cases where patients develop SCC on other parts of the body, like the genitals.

While SCC can occur in an aggressive form, it is generally only life-threatening when left untreated. When SCC is not properly treated early on, the risk of it growing and spreading to other areas in the body increases. This can result in increased medical complications, some of which are extremely serious. Each year in the United States, around 700,000 new cases of SCC are diagnosed. The disease normally appears as elevated growths or warts on the top layer of skin that bleed or crust over or as open sores or red patches.

February 18, 2016 / drjamesfreije

New Hope for Returned Voice Found in Bioengineered Vocal Cord

 

James Freije pic

James Freije

An associate in otolaryngology and head and neck surgery with Mount Nittany Physician Group in State College, Pennsylvania, Dr. James Freije provides comprehensive care to children and adults. Possessing more than three decades of medical experience, Dr. James Freije is familiar with a variety of diseases and illnesses, including head and neck and laryngeal cancer.

Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison recently released their promising results for a new therapy for individuals who have lost their voice following disease or surgery. The therapy involves using bioengineered tissue to replace lost or damaged parts of a patient’s vocal cords and has, so far, been tested successfully on both mice and dog cadavers. According to the results, the mice fully accepted the man-made vocal cord, and the use of the tissue in the dogs’ larynges was nearly identical to normal vocal vibrations.

These results come as good news for the close to 30 percent of individuals in the United States who will suffer a voice-related problem at some point in their lives. It is especially positive news for those individuals who have had large portions of vocal cord tissue removed due to serious illnesses like laryngeal cancer. The bioengineered tissue took roughly two weeks to grow into a normal, human vocal fold, but several clinical and approval steps are still required before the bioengineered tissue is cleared for use in humans.

February 5, 2016 / drjamesfreije

Public Health Funding in the United States Is Steadily Declining

James Freije pic

James Freije

Dr. James Freije is a board-certified otolaryngologist practicing with Mount Nittany Physician Group in State College, Pennsylvania. Possessing more than three decades of medical experience, Dr. James Freije holds an MD from SUNY Upstate Medical University and an MPH from SUNY Albany.

Public health funding in the United States covers such things as cancer screening, contraceptives, and disease prevention. Yet according to recent reports, public health funding in the country is falling and is expected to continue its decline for several years. Experts predict that by 2023, public health funding in the United States will drop to just 2.40 percent of the country’s total health expenditures, from 2.65 percent in 2014 and 3.18 percent in 2002. Original drafts of the 2010 Affordable Care Act stated there would be a $15 billion boost in public health funding, but that amount was cut by $6.25 billion in 2012, and the cuts continued in subsequent legislation.

The results of these cuts could include increased rates of preventable illnesses and diseases that are both expensive and serious. Public health departments work to provide early treatment to patients with communicable diseases like Ebola and help halt the spread of such illnesses as HIV. Due to the decreased funding, many of the public health programs doing such work may close as time goes.