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October 15, 2015 / drjamesfreije

Common Laryngeal Cancer Treatments Based on Stage

A board-certified otolaryngologist, Dr. James Freije practices otolaryngology head and neck surgery as an associate with Mount Nittany Physician’s Group in Pennsylvania. Possessing more than two decades of experience, Dr. James Freije has treated both adults and children and is familiar with a wide range of illnesses and disorders including laryngeal cancer.

There are many approaches to treatment for laryngeal cancer based on both an individual’s overall health and the stage of the disease. Here are some examples of stage-based treatment options:

Stage 0 or Tis: most commonly found on the vocal cords, stage 0 and Tis laryngeal cancers are treated with radiation therapy, laser surgery, or vocal cord stripping. The cancer may also be removed entirely during a simple biopsy.

Stage I and II: cancers in this stage can often be treated while still preserving laryngeal integrity through a partial laryngectomy or radiation. Meanwhile, vocal cord and supraglottic cancers are often treated through laser surgery or chemoradiation.

Stage III and IV: chemotherapy with radiation and surgery are often the first choices for treating laryngeal cancers in these stages due to their higher risk of spreading. Patients may also need a full laryngectomy to remove the cancer or may have their lymph nodes removed.

Returning cancer: if the cancer has returned, the new treatment depends on the previous treatment done. Patients who initially underwent radiotherapy may have their larynx removed while those who first had surgery may undergo radiotherapy or chemotherapy.

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